Examining the Effect of Climate Change on Tourism

Climate change is having a negative effect on tourism around the world. This puts the livelihoods of millions of people who depend on tourism at risk. You have to appreciate that there are nation’s whose entire economies are dependent on tourism. Thus anything that threatens tourism turns out to be a national security threat in such nations. And for sure, climate change is threatening tourism by among other things:

  1. Altering ecosystems: thus, for instance, in nations where there used to be lots of wild animals to be viewed by tourists, the numbers have dwindled. In some places, there are actually no wild animals remaining – sounding a death knell to the local tourism industries. The same applies even for marine life. That is where, due to climate change — and the resultant changes in ecosystems — places that used to have rich and attractive marine life now have none. Also at risk are some seaside tourist attractions, that are at risk of sinking/disappearing due to rising sea levels caused by climate change.
  2. Making the weather less predictable: this makes it hard to move tourists from one point to another. You also have to understand that there are tourists who move around in search of friendlier weather conditions. There are, for instance, tourists who flee from the cold (during the winter) to places that are likely to be warmer. Then, due to climate change, you find that places that used to be warmer during certain months are now colder and vice versa. This messes up tourism.
  3. Introducing conflicts where previously there was peace: tourism thrives where there is peace. But climate change is causing resource-based conflicts. These scare away tourists, leading to the decline of the tourism industries.

Now as mentioned earlier, there are millions of people who depend wholly on tourism for their livelihood. It can be hard to believe this, if you work in other sectors – such as public service, agriculture, finance, retail… and so on. Like if, for instance, you work in the food industry for a company like PepsiCo. In that case, you have a system where, on a fortnightly basis, you visit the My pepsico login page, to get your paycheck. The said login page, which is part of PepsiCo’s HR portal at Mypepsico.com is the gateway to the site where PepsiCo staff get to access all their work-related resources in one place…

Now being such a (PepsiCo) employee, it can be very hard for you to envision the life of someone else whose livelihood is predicated on tourism earnings. Yet the reality is that there are millions of such people globally. And those are people whose livelihoods are badly threatened by climate change.

How to Get People to Take the Climate Change Debate Seriously

There are certain steps we can take, to get people to take the climate change debate seriously. Currently, one easily gets the impression that the climate change debate is not taken as seriously as it ought to. People don’t seem to realize just how high the stakes here are. You will hardly find a front-page newspaper story on climate change. In parliaments and other houses of national congress, climate change is treated as a backburner issue. In a nutshell, the climate change debate is not really taken seriously. And this state of affairs is what gives rise to the question as to what we can do, to get people to take the climate change debate seriously. That is where we come to learn that some of the ways in which we can get people to take the climate change debate seriously include by:

  1. Ensuring that the debate is driven by credible people: if the climate change debate is driven by folks who are known to be jokers, or (discredited) conspiracy theorists, it will always be hard for it to be taken seriously.
  2. Backing the arguments with solid facts and figures: rather than being overly verbose, and trying to arouse people’s emotions in an ‘empty’ way, a better idea would be to back arguments with solid facts and figures. That will increase the chances of the arguments advanced in the climate change debate to be taken seriously.
  3. Showing people how climate change is likely to affect them personally: people tend to respond better to things that affect them personally. People tend to take things that affect them personally very seriously. This applies even for things that are perceived as minor or petty. If, for instance, you start talking about gift cards, and someone happens to have gotten one such card (which they are managing online at Mygiftcardsite.com) they will be all ears. Even if their last visit to the gift cards portal – that is, the Mygiftcardsite portal – showed them that their card had only a couple of bucks left, they will nonetheless pay attention. That is because they understand what their stake, however small, is. We can apply the same principle to the climate change debate. It is all about getting people to stop viewing climate change as a ‘global’ phenomenon that affects other people ‘out there’. It is about getting the people to understand that climate change is also a ‘local issue’ — one that is bound to affect them in one way or another, if it is not mitigated. Once they see that sense, they will be inclined to take the climate change debate more seriously.

Getting the Government to Support Climate Change Mitigation

If we are to be successful in mitigate climate change, we need to have government support. Some of the measures that need to be taken, in the name of climate change mitigation, can’t be taken without government support. Therefore government support is very critical. Yet getting government support in these sorts of things isn’t so easy. See, some of the things that need to be done, in the name of climate change mitigation, would inevitably hurt certain interests. That is why we tend to encounter resistance in these matters.

All said and done, to get government support in climate change mitigation, there is one main thing that we need to: namely lobbying. So we need to identify the relevant government officials, and lobby them intensively, to get them to support the climate change mitigation agenda.

Identifying the relevant government officials

The relevant government officials in question here are those who wield real power. If we are to succeed in the climate change mitigation agenda, we will need support from the topmost echelons of the government. This therefore means identifying the people who wield the most power in both the political and bureaucratic arms of the government. It really takes the topmost people, to drive change, and overcome the resistance to change that tends to be inherent. Even when the Nordstrom employees portal, which is reviewed on the employeeloginz website was being set up, the topmost management probably had to be convinced about the soundness of the idea. Only then was the Nordstrom employees portal, at www.mynordstrom.com set up. Similarly, if we are to drive the climate change mitigation agenda forward, we have to sell it successfully to the topmost levels of the political and bureaucratic arms of the government.

Lobbying the government officials

To successfully lobby the government officials, we need to have sound arguments, backed by verifiable facts and figures. It helps a great deal if we can get professional lobbyists to assist in this cause. You have to remember that the folks who are against climate change mitigation measures will also be lobbying furiously, on the other side.

How to Incorporate Lessons About Climate Change into the School Curriculum

One way to increase climate change awareness is by incorporating lessons about climate change into the school curriculum. This way, kids will be taught about climate change from an early age. They will therefore grow up with climate change awareness as part of their innate knowledge. And as such, they will be more inclined to make the changes that are necessary to mitigate climate change effects, without being coerced. In the process of incorporating lessons about climate change into the school curriculum, we will need to:

  1. Make the relevant pedagogical decisions: these include the decision as to what subjects the climate change lessons are to be incorporated into. Also critical is the decision as to what grade the kids are to be introduced to climate change in, and how they are to progress from there. The objective is to have age-appropriate lessons. So decisions have to be made, as to what the appropriate climate change lessons for, say, third graders would be. And what the appropriate climate change lessons for tenth graders would be… and so on.
  2. Simplify climate change concepts: the lessons should be given in a way that the kids can relate to, given their ages and ability to comprehend things.
  3. Educate the teachers on climate: the objective here is to empower the teachers, so as to ensure that they are well placed to be truly effective at the role of teaching kids about climate change.
  4. Carry out a pilot study: pilot studies are always critical in all undertakings. It is only through pilot studies that concepts can be tested out, and potential challenges identified. Even Lowe’s (the retail chain), probably had to undertake a pilot study, before launching the Lowes Kronos employee portal. In a similar manner, before rolling out the lessons about climate change in the nationwide school curriculum, it is important to first undertake a pilot study.
  5. Roll out the climate change lessons fully: if the pilot studies are successful, you can now proceed to roll out the climate change lessons, that will have been incorporated into the (nationwide) school curriculum.

Using Irrigation to Mitigate the Effects of Climate Change

Thanks to climate change, rainfall patterns have become erratic. So you find that in the regions of the world that are greatly affected by climate change, rainfall has become unpredictable. Such places go for long spells of time without rainfall. And then when it does rain, the rainfall tends to be excessive, leading to floods. The whole thing can (on a light note) be likened to the Walmartone schedule, which is accessible to Walmart Associates through the Walmart1 login page: where, sometimes, you have long spells of free time, followed by long periods where you are expected to be on duty.  The rainfall patterns in this age of climate change are like that: you go for long durations of time without rain, and then when it does rain, the rainfall turns out to be excessive and destructive.

Against that background, one of the ways in which we can mitigate the effects of climate change is through the use of irrigation.

Irrigation would make it possible for the people who are affected by climate change to have food, even during the long dry spells. We have just noted that thanks to climate change, people are having to go for long durations of time without rainfall. This often leads to famines: as crops dry up, and livestock ends up being left without pasture or water. So this is the gap that would be filled by the irrigation — ensuring that there is water to grow crops (and maintain livestock) throughout.

For irrigation to be viable, the rain water has to be preserved. This entails building dams. And this is yet another way in which the effects of climate change can be mitigated. For as we have just noted, another effect of climate change is where the erratic rainfall tends to be excessive (when it does rain). But if the water is carefully collected through well designed drainage systems, and directed into dams, it wouldn’t cause much damage. Thus, the harmful effects associated with floods would also have been mitigated.

Conserving Forests to Mitigate Climate Change Effects

One of the ways in which we can mitigate climate change effects is by conserving forests. The science behind this assertion is sound. We know that climate change is primarily caused by carbon emissions. We also know that forests are made up of trees, and that trees have capacity to absorb carbon. It therefore follows that forest conservation can go a long way towards mitigating climate change effects. If we have a huge enough number of trees (in forests and elsewhere), they may be able to absorb all the carbon emissions. Then climate change effects would have been fully mitigated.

The conservation of forests is, however, not as easy as it sounds. There is great demand for the trees that make up the forests. The trees are often cut down, to be processed into timber. In less developed parts of the world, the trees are cut down and burned to yield charcoal. Therefore, conservation of forests often entails hurting certain people’s livelihoods.

There are three strategies that can be employed to conserve forests.

The first strategy is where enforcement officers are employed, to protect the forests. The brief for these officers would be to arrest anyone who encroaches on forest areas, and anyone who cuts down the trees in the forests.

The second strategy is where people are educated on the importance of the forests. People are reasonable, and if they are well-educated on various issues, they tend to respond well. I saw this at work when a certain parcel employee was being trained on the use of the UPS online portal. Within a few minutes, the fellow was able to undertake the UPSers sign in and sign up procedures, and to navigate around the portal. In a similar manner, if a campaign to educate the masses on forest conservation is undertaken, chances are that they will understand the importance of it — and what is expected of them — within a very short period of time.

The third strategy is where an effort is made to be replacing all the trees that are cut from the forests. Thus, for instance, if one tree is cut, another tree is planted to take its place. This is a pragmatic approach, based on appreciation of the fact that people will always have need for timber and other tree products. Therefore, there will always be need for the trees in forests to be cut down. But if a new tree is planted to replace every tree that is cut down, the net effect is that the forests would be well conserved.

Planting Trees to Mitigate Climate Change Effects

Scientists advise us that tree planting is one of the things we can do, to mitigate the effects of climate change. There are, of course, several other measures we can take, to mitigate the effects of climate change. But tree planting is one of the easiest — yet also one of the most effective.

Setting up formal tree planting campaigns

For us to be able to mitigate climate change effects, we need to ensure that we plant a big enough number of trees. So it is not just a question of planting a couple of trees here and there, and then claiming to have mitigated the effects of climate change. On the contrary, for the effect of the planted trees to be felt, we need to be looking at millions – perhaps tens or even hundreds of millions of trees. So it is a big project, which is best undertaken through formal tree planting campaigns.

We may actually find ourselves having to employ people to focus on tree planting (and tree care) on a full-time basis. Thus, the idea of paying full-time salaries through the Securitas paperless talx system, which is accessible online at Securitasepay.com shouldn’t sound too weird. Indeed, to plant millions of trees, and to be in a position to take proper care of them, we may have no option but to employ such full-time workers.

Planting trees informally

Meanwhile, individuals need to be encouraged to plant trees informally. If a person happens to have an open space outside his house, there is absolutely no reason as to why he can’t plant a couple of trees there. If a nation happens to have, say, 10 million households, and each household plants a couple of trees on average, you’d be looking at 20 million new trees: enough to mitigate the effects of climate change to some extent.

Getting people to support the tree planting campaigns

Obviously, if the tree planting campaigns are to be successful, they need to be supported by the greater public. Getting people to support such campaigns shouldn’t be too hard. You just need to show them that planting trees would be in their best interests, and that they stand to benefit a great deal in the long-run. Once they see ‘what is in it’ for them, they will be inclined to support the campaigns wholeheartedly. That approach is better than trying to force people to support the campaigns through legislation and other such coercive measures.

How to Get the Skeptics to Accept the Climate Change Reality

We still have people out there who don’t believe in the reality of climate change. These people are also known as ‘climate change skeptics’. And they fall into two broad categories. In the first category, we have those who simply believe that the entire climate change story is a hoax, created to achieve certain objectives. And in the second category, we have those who are not entirely convinced that climate change is a reality. They are open to further persuasion, but for now, they are not entirely convinced.

So the challenge that arises is that of getting these climate change skeptics to accept the reality of climate change. How are we to do that? Well, in my view, there are two ways in which we can attempt to get the skeptics to accept the climate change reality, namely:

  1. By demonstrating to them how weather patterns have changed: this should be obvious – where, in some parts of the world, people are experiencing longer summers (than they used to), whereas in other parts, people are experiencing longer winters (than they used to). This is also where we see more frequent floods, droughts and other extreme weather patterns. So it becomes just a matter of highlighting these patterns, and trying to figure out what is causing them. Inevitably, the climate change answer will come up.
  2. By demonstrating to them how climate change is impacting human lives: there are people who will only get to understand the climate change reality when they see how it is affecting human lives. Here, you may be dealing with a fellow who works for a leading American corporation, and who is almost assured of finding a monthly paycheck at paycomonline.com. Such a fellow knows that he only has to show up at work regularly. Then, at the end of the month, he would log on to www.paycomonline.net, and find a nice paycheck waiting for him. To him, the reality of human existence in other parts of the world is remote. But you can nonetheless make an effort to get him to see how climate change is causing people to immigrate, and how climate change is causing conflicts in various parts of the world. Then, hopefully, he may get to a point of accepting the climate change reality.

Understanding the Connection Between Climate Change and Conflicts

It has often been asserted that climate change has potential to cause conflicts. But the exact mechanism, through which climate change can cause conflicts, is not explained. And this is why some people end up being skeptical about the whole idea of climate change, and its potential to cause conflicts. So, how exactly can climate change cause conflicts? That is the question I will attempt to answer in today’s article – by exploring the connection between climate change and conflicts.

To understand how climate change can cause conflicts, we have to start by appreciating that climate change has caused significant changes in weather patterns. So you find places that used to receive a lot of rainfall are no longer receiving so much rain. You find that places that used to only have short dry spells have very long dry spells. Some previously habitable places have, for all purposes and intends, turned into deserts. That is how climate change plays out on the ground.

Further, to understand how climate change can cause conflicts, you have to appreciate the fact that there are many parts of the world where the people are still living off the land. It is easy to forget this fact, especially if you are living in the developed world. But you have to remember that while you are, say, applying for your double card from Merrick Bank, someone else  in another part of the world is trying to figure out where he will graze his goats the next day. Such is the nature of the world. When such people (who live off the land) are faced with longer dry spells, they are inclined to move to other parts – where there may be more rain, shorter dry spells and so on. But remember, there are people already living in those ‘other’ parts. So you end up with conflicts between the newly-arrived people (who moved due to climate change), and the people who have always lived in those other parts – who are averse to the idea of welcoming new people to their territories.

In a nutshell, climate change is impoverishing people who previously used to enjoy reasonably decent standards of living. And that is how you end up with people who are willing to walk across deserts, and to cross oceans on rickety boats, to reach places where they believe they can access ‘greener pastures’. Due to climate change, we are seeing an upsurge in global terrorism, wars and all manner of political conflicts. People will, of course, give different interpretations, but if you dig deeper, you realize that the core issues being fought over are matters to do with resource allocation. And you realize that it is climate change that is causing resources to shrink. When resources shrink, people find themselves fighting over the little that is remaining on the table.

The Three Most Important Things We Can Do to Minimize Negative Climate Change

In recent years, there has been a lot of talk on climate change. A lot of literature has been churned out on this topic. The scientists are able to pore through such literature, and from it, find the information they need to combat climate change. But ordinary people don’t have the time, energy or inclination to trawl through such literature, looking for info on how to combat climate change. Ordinary people want summaries, with simple practical tips on how to minimize negative climate change. Aware of that fact, I decided to write this short article, in which I will be outlining the three most important things that can be done in that regard. That is, the three most important things we can do, to minimize negative climate change.

Firstly, to minimize negative climate change, we need to get all members of the society to really know and understand the concept of climate change. You realize that there are many people who don’t understand the concept of climate change, and how it is likely to affect them. They are eve less informed about the roles they can play, as individuals, to minimize negative climate change. Therefore, there has to be an educational campaign (a sustained one), to help the members of the public in this regard.

Secondly, to minimize negative climate change, we need to switch from ‘dirty’ sources of energy. We really have to. Admittedly, this is a difficult suggestion to implement. The dirty sources of energy tend to be cheap. And nations need cheap energy, to prosper. Therefore getting them to switch from dirty energy, you will encounter difficulties. But if you can get them to appreciate just how much of a threat climate change is, perhaps you will have much less of a challenge. That is, much less of a challenge convincing them to switch from dirty energy sources.

Thirdly (and related to the second point above), we need to move towards clean energy. There are no two ways about it. Clean energy sources may not be as cheap as the alternatives. But when you consider climate change, and its likely impact in the long-run, you come to one conclusion. You come to the conclusion that the switch from dirty sources of energy to clean energy sources is a well justified move, whatever the cost.